The modern working environment calls for a change from the traditional leadership theory, according to which leaders lead, influence and inspire. The traditional theory says that a leader focuses on changing people and motivating them. It follows a top to bottom approach, where the leader is looked up to as the higher authority. A traditional leader is not transparent, and also makes room for blame when things don’t work out. These traits have been identified as managerial traits by using the KSM and best value approach, analyzing the views of leadership experts and conducting an industrial survey. A new leadership model has thus been developed, where the leader does not influence people but rather aligns them in the right direction. A leader shouldn’t change people, but rather change the system.
The new leadership model gives a better definition to leaders, which is in acceptance with the present work culture. According to the new model, leaders perceive and use information. They are responsible. They assign the right task to the right people and see where they would fit. This broadens the line that differentiates a leader from a manager. A leader seeks vision, whereas a manager seeks objective. The leader challenges the status quo, does things differently and thinks out of the box, but a manager accepts things the way they are.
A leader would have long term visions, he would innovate and perceive information to come to conclusions. But a manager has short term goals, would be administrative and controlling, and makes decisions. It is a manager’s characteristic to influence, control and direct people, as opposed to the traditional leadership theory. The new leadership model is a bottom to top approach. Managers do things right, but a leader does the right thing. A leader who practices the modern leadership model would give no room for blame. But a manager blames his subordinates if things do not work out the way it should. A leader is proactive, but a manager is reactive. A leader would give credit to his team and be one among them. A manager orders his team and takes credit.
This new leadership model based on alignment and not influence. This increases the productivity as the leader identifies the capability of people, the right job for the right people, it is flexible and takes into account the limitations of the workers and the industry. This is a more successful model and it best fits the society today.
– Information Measurement Theory with the “Kashiwagi Story”, 2015 edition, Chapter 9.