According to popular belief, prison serves two main purposes: to correct unacceptable behavior and to increase community safety. This reasoning may not be completely sound. In a logical sense (backed by much data), prison does not effectively correct obscure behavior, nor does it escalate security in communities. The data verifies that 45% of released prisoners return. Using this statistic alone, it becomes apparent that almost half of these criminals did not “learn their lesson”.
Non-violent offenders categorized as property, drug, and public-owner criminals make up 56% of the prison and jail population in America, while 7.9% are violent criminals. In this respect, one can note that prison does not necessarily ensure a safe environment. The number of individuals behind bars is increasing while violent crime is far from decreasing, which costs the government an enormous sum of money and resources. In essence, incarceration does not provide a safer community or influence criminals to keep the laws.