A study conducted by Dr. Leonardo Christov-Moore, and a publication in the journal of Social neurosciences, investigated the altruistic nature of individuals. With the use of the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), brain activity was observed as participants where shown a video of a hand being poked with a pin. The participants were also requested to play a “dictator” game with a fixed amount of money – $10 per 24 rounds – to keep for themselves or share with a stranger. The results showed those with the most activity in the prefrontal cortex only gave away an average of 1 to 3 dollars per round, the stingiest participants. Also determined, one-third of the participants with the most activity in areas associated with emotion and perceiving pain, were the most generous. The second study showed that dampening of certain regions of the brain noninvasively, could potentially lead to people acting in a more pro-social way.
Analysis of this study from the perspective of the Kashiwagi Solution Model (KSM), appears to be valid because an initial condition is set and cannot be changed. If it is understood that particular traits suit types A, B or C individuals, and those traits are inherent at the initial condition, then the study by Dr. Leonardo Christov-Moore shows how deeply embedded essential traits such as those linked to an altruistic nature. If additional links are found with similar analysis techniques – showing the differences between types A, B and C characteristics as an initial condition – it would provide further evidence to the KSM model.